BUSINESS ACTIVITY SURVEY, 2011
The National Directorate of
Statistics, Timor-Leste plans to conduct the second business activity
survey (BAS) for Timor-Leste in respect of the 2011 calendar year. The
survey will be conducted along similar lines to the inaugural survey, which
was conducted in respect of 2010. For information on the 2010 survey,
please see the article “The Business Activity Survey of Timor-Leste,
2010”, available here.
BAS 2011 | English | Tetun |
BAS 2010 |English
Planned Outputs from the Survey
2. The business activity survey collects data that are
essential for understanding the economic circumstances of Timor-Leste as
the country pursues its development agenda. The main BAS outputs will
continue to be of t wo types:
- Data that shed light on
the structure and economic performance of the formal business sector
in Timor-Leste. Such data include business counts, employment
aggregates (e.g. employment status, gender), a detailed breakdown of
income and expenses items (by industry) and profit/loss items.
- Economic data items used
in the compilation of the national accounts, most particularly the
calculation of gross domestic product. These data include output,
intermediate use, industry value added, compensation of employees,
gross operating surplus and capital expenditure.
3. The data will
also be presented separately by selected
industries and by geography
for these estimate types:
- Industry: data will be
presented separately for selected industries, including
Manufacturing, Construction, Retail and Wholesale Trade,
Accommodation and Restaurants. The remaining industries will be
presented as a combined total ‘other industries’.
- Geography: data will be
presented separately for businesses operating in ‘Dili’ and a
combined category for businesses operating in the ‘Districts’.
4. Since the 2011 BAS will be the second such survey, the
changes between 2010 and 2011 will be an important dimension to the
Scope of the Survey
5. The scope of the BAS will include the formal business
sector of Timor-Leste that actively traded during the 2011 calendar year.
6. The scope of the survey will include businesses whose
primary income is generated from the following activities:
- private non-financial
businesses *1 ;
- private financial
organizations where the majority (more than 50%) of revenue is
received from trading activities in Timor-Leste.
7. Public trading enterprises where a majority of their
income (more than 50%) is generated from the direct provision of services
will also be in-scope.
8. The survey will
exclude the following types of businesses:
- the petroleum-producing
businesses that submit tax through the National Directorate of
- general government
agencies (such as administration, education and health);
- public trading
enterprises, where the majority of their income is received from
government transfers or payments;
- non-businesses or
non-trading enterprises (such as embassies and missions); and
- the informal sector of
the economy, including:
- subsistence agricultural
- piecemeal and informal
- street vendors
9. Businesses operating in the petroleum industry will not
be included in the BAS, however data will be obtained for them from the
National Directorate of Petroleum Revenue for purposes of national
10. The informal economy is excluded from the BAS. Although
this sector involves a large number of very small businesses, their
collective contribution to gross domestic product, with the exception of
subsistence agriculture is small. Further, there are no robust survey
frames available from which to survey these micro-businesses.
11. Agricultural production in Timor-Leste is predominantly
subsistence farming, and is largely out of scope of the survey. However,
some commercial agricultural businesses, such as coffee cooperatives, are
included in the survey.
12. Data will be collected during May and June 2012 from
businesses selected to participate in the survey. Trained field
interviewers will be used to collect the data, but businesses will have
the option of filling in the form themselves and returning it to the
National Directorate of Statistics.
13. The survey is being conducted under the authority of Statistics
Law (decree-Law No. 17/2003 of 01 October 2003). The law provides for
compulsory provision of data by selected businesses, but the National
Directorate of Statistics seeks the willing cooperation of businesses in
the provision of the data.
14. The Statistics Law also provides that any information
provided to the National Directorate of Statistics be used for
statistical purposes only and that the aggregate statistics compiled from
the survey be presented in such a way that the information in respect of
any individual business cannot be discerned.
Publication of Results
15. It is expected that the results of the 2011 business
activity survey will be published in mid-September 2012.
National Directorate of Statistics
* Private non-financial businesses include ‘Manufacturing’,
‘Construction’, ‘Retail and Wholesale Trade’, ‘Accommodation and
Restaurants’, ‘Transport’ and other service providers.